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How Does an Air Conditioner Function?

AC units use refrigeration to cool interior air, making the most of an impressive physical law: When a liquid converts to a gas, in a process called stage conversion, it soaks up the warmth. Air conditioning systems exploit this function of phase conversion forcibly unique chemical compounds to vaporize and condense over as well as over once more in a shut system of coils.

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The substances entailed are refrigerants that have properties allowing them to transform at fairly reduced temperatures. The air conditioning system likewise consists of fans that move warm interior air over these cool, refrigerant-filled coils. In fact, central air conditioners have an entire system of ducts made to funnel air to and from these serpentine, air-chilling coils.

When warm air flows over the cool, low-pressure evaporator coils, the refrigerant inside soaks up the heat as it alters from a liquid to an aeriform state. To keep one’s cool effectively, the AC unit needs to convert the cooling agent gas back to a liquid again. To do that, a compressor puts the gas under high pressure, a process that creates undesirable heat. All the added heat produced by compressing the gas is that evacuated to the outdoors with the assistance of the second set of coils called condenser coils, as well as a second fan. As the gas cools down, it changes back to a fluid, as well as the process begins all over once again. Think of it as a limitless, classy cycle: fluid refrigerant, stage conversion to a heat/gas absorption, compression, and stage transition back to a liquid once more.

It’s easy to see that two unique points are going on in an air conditioning system. The cooling agent is cooling the interior air, as well as the resulting gas is being consistently pressed and cooled down for conversion back to a liquid again. On the next page, we’ll look at how the various parts of an air conditioner job to make all that feasible.

Cool the Eco-friendly Method

The chemical composition of modern cooling agent compounds has altered over the last few years as a result of environmental concerns and global treaty agreements. Older refrigerant formulas including chlorine atoms that had the potential to damage the ozone layer have slowly been terminated for more environmentally-friendly coolants.

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