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How are gum diseases treated?

Gum diseases are harmful infections that cause inflammation of the gums that progress to affect the bone that surrounds it and supports the teeth. These diseases are also known as periodontal diseases and are caused due to bacterial growth in the mouth. Gum infections are a result of poor oral hygiene over a long period of time, which allows bacteria to grow and get lodged between the gums and the teeth. Other than poor oral hygiene, other factors that lead to gum diseases are – smoking, chewing tobacco, misaligned teeth, hormonal changes, diabetes, etc. Some symptoms of the disease are – bleeding of the gums, teeth loosening, teeth sensitivity, swollen gums, bad breath, etc. Gum diseases are the most common type of oral disease.

Gum diseases treatment by Thornton dentist:-

Scaling and root planing: This is a non-surgical procedure to treat gum infections. It involves deep cleaning that is done under local anesthesia. Plaque and tartar that builds up over time are scraped away above and below the gums. This process is called scaling. The rough spots of the tooth root are made smooth. This removes bacteria and provides a clean surface. This smoothing procedure is called root planing. 

Bone grafts: This is a surgical procedure where bone grafts use fragments of your bone or synthetic bone. The grafts replace the bone. It also helps the bone to regrow in damaged areas. These damaged areas were a result of periodontal disease. It securely attaches teeth to the bone.

Professional dental cleaning: This is a non-surgical procedure performed by a dentist. They clean and remove the plaque and tartar that build up over time and harden on the tooth surface. Professional cleaning is very much needed at regular intervals to keep your gums and teeth healthy.

Flap surgery: This is a surgical procedure performed by the dentist. In the procedure, the gums are lifted back, and an incision is made to remove the tartar. The irregular surface of the bone is smoothened so that there is no area for the bacteria to grow and give rise to gum infections. This method is commonly used to remove the gaps between the teeth and gums. 

If you are suffering from a gum problem, then immediately consult a dentist. If not checked at the right time, it will lead to serious oral conditions that will cause a lot of pain and discomfort. Also, it is extremely important to take care of your oral health as a part of your overall health.